Role of Biopsychosocial Factors on the Risk of Pneumonia in Children Under-Five Years Old at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta


  • Nining Lestari Faculty of Medicine, Muhammadiyah University Surakarta Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Harsono Salimo Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta
  • Suradi - Department of Pulmonology, Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University


Background: It is estimated that the worldwide annual incidence of child pneumonia is approximately 156 million cases. Sixty-one million new cases occure in Southeast Asia with death rate of 3.1 million deaths per year. Prevalence of infant pneumonia in Indonesia is high at 1.8% in 2013 with mortality of 0.16% in 2015. This study aimed to determine the role of bio-psychosocial factors on the risk of pneumonia in children under-five years old.


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How to Cite

Lestari, N., Salimo, H., & -, S. (2017). Role of Biopsychosocial Factors on the Risk of Pneumonia in Children Under-Five Years Old at Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta. Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 2(2), 162–175. Retrieved from