Meta-Analysis The Effect of Maternal Obesity on the Risk of Premature Birth and Neonatal Death
Background: The prevalence of obesity in women of reproductive age worldwide is increasing by an estimated 20-36%. Increased prevalence of obesity also occurs in pregnant women. Obesity increases the risk of poor pregnancy outcome. This study aims to investigate the effect of maternal obesity on preterm birth and neonatal mortality.
Subjects and Method: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. The articles used were obtained from several databases, including: Google Scholar, Science Direct, Springer Link, Proquest, and Scopus published from 2010 to 2021. The population in this study was pregnant women with an intervention in the form of obesity, comparison in the form of normal BMI, and outcome such as premature birth and neonatal death. The keywords used to search for articles were: (
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