Meta-Analysis: The Effect of Anxiety During Pregnancy on the Risk of Premature Birth and Low Birth Weight in Infants
Background: Pregnancy can be defined as the process of meeting spermatozoa with the ovum which is followed by attachment of the embryo to the uterine wall, in the process of pregnancy according to some or almost all women it becomes a happy process or causes anxiety due to the occurrence of many physiological and psychological changes, so that if it is not treated seriously then will have an impact on the baby such as premature birth and low birth weight. This study aims to estimate the magnitude of the effect of anxiety during pregnancy on premature birth and low birth weight with a meta-analysis study.
Subjects and Method: This was a meta-analysis and systematic review conducted with PRISMA flow diagrams. Population= pregnant women, Intervention= anxiety, Comparison= not anxious, Outcomes= premature birth and low birth weight. Search articles through journal databases include: Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct. The articles used in this study are articles that have been published from 2000-2021. The keywords to search for articles were as follows:
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