The Contextual Effect of School on Self-Care in Children with Mental Retardation in Surakarta, Central Java


  • Janur Putri Wayanshakty Masters program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret


Background: WHO analysis estimates the number of children with disabilities reaching 7-10% of the total population of children. The limitations of retarded children are influenced by age, physical condition, nutritional status of the child, and parenting in the family have a relationship in the level of independence of the children. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that influence self-care in retarded children in Surakarta, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This study was a cross sectional study conducted in 15 special schools in Surakarta, Central Java, from June to July 2019. A sample of 200 mentally retarded children aged 9-17 years was selected by stratified random sampling. The dependent variable was self care. The independent variables were age, nutritional status, mental retardation classification, maternal age, maternal education, maternal occupation, maternal knowledge, parenting style, and teacher sup


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How to Cite

Wayanshakty, J. P., Dewi, Y. L. R., & Pamungkasari, E. P. (2020). The Contextual Effect of School on Self-Care in Children with Mental Retardation in Surakarta, Central Java. Journal of Maternal and Child Health, 5(1), 19–26. Retrieved from